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Dictionary in Python

Python is a powerful and popular programming language that provides a rich set of data structures to help developers manipulate and manage data effectively. One such data structure is the dictionary. In this article, we will explore dictionaries in Python and provide practical examples to demonstrate their use.

What is a Dictionary in Python?


A dictionary is an unordered collection of key-value pairs, where each key is unique and maps to a corresponding value. Dictionaries are commonly used to store and retrieve data in an efficient and easy-to-read manner. Python dictionaries are similar to hash tables and are implemented as a mapping between keys and values.


Creating a Dictionary in Python


To create a dictionary in Python, you can use curly braces and separate the key-value pairs with a colon. Here's an example of creating a dictionary of student grades:

Alternatively, you can create a dictionary using the dict() function, like this:

Both of these methods will create the same dictionary of student grades.

Accessing Values in a Dictionary


To access a value in a dictionary, you can use the key as the index. Here's an example:

If the key does not exist in the dictionary, an error will be raised. You can avoid this by using the get() method, which returns None if the key is not found.

Iterating Over a Dictionary

You can iterate over a dictionary in Python using a for loop. Here's an example:


Adding and Updating Values in a Dictionary

To add a new key-value pair to a dictionary, you can simply assign the value to the key.

To update an existing value in a dictionary, you can use the same syntax.

Deleting a Key-Value Pair in a Dictionary

To delete a key-value pair from a dictionary, you can use the del keyword.



Dictionaries are a powerful data structure in Python that allow you to store and retrieve data in a simple and efficient manner. They are easy to create and manipulate using built-in methods, and can be iterated over using a simple for loop. By understanding dictionaries and their operations, you can write more efficient and concise code in Python.

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